Contact Image Sensor (CIS) Technology
The conventional document scanning with CCD requires a lens, which might cause image distortions, e.g. pin cushion distortion, especially for large sized documents. Scanning with CIS usually generates 1:1 images without any distortion.
There are two types of scanning methods:
1) Sheetfed type:
The document sheet is fed though the CIS module by a roller
2) Flatbed type:
The document stays flat on a glass bed while the CIS module moves across the whole sheet.
CIS is composed of the following components:
1) Sensor Array and PCB
Sensors are aligned and mounted on a PCB with other passive components. Sensors’ characteristics defines the key features of the CIS, such as resolution, scanning speed, sensitivity, MTF, etc.
2) Light Source – to provide light for image scanning.
There are two types of light sources.
- Light Bar is for high speed CIS, it consists of array of LEDs evenly on a PCB.
- Light Guide is for low speed CIS, it has acrylic rod to convey uniform light from LED(s).
Numbers of light sources – Single-light is for low speed and low cost, while dual-light is good for high speed and wrinkled object scanning.
The LED wavelengths (or colors) supported: UV, R,G,B, NIR, White
- UV (ultra-Violet): 365 nm & 390 nm
- Visible: Blue, Green, Red
- NIR (Near Infrared): 880 nm & 940 nm
3) Lens Array – to focus the image for scanning
Sometime it is called Rod Lens or SLA (SELFOC Lens Array). There are single-row or dual-row types available, dual-row is for better collimation. Besides glass material with better quality, the Rod lens can be made of plastic material as well.
4) Cover Glass – The focus point of CIS is on the surface of the glass, which also serves as a protection.
5) Connector – The inputs/outputs of CIS. A cable is required to connect CIS to a system.
6) Housing – To house everything together, normally it is made of plastics, however, aluminum housing is also available for harsh environment.
* CMOS supports customization from standard CIS modules according to customer’s requirements.